The boys have been desperate to have a pet for as long as I can remember. They’ve expressed their need to have a dog in the family and whilst I would also love nothing more, having a dog is a big responsibility, one I don’t think we’re quite ready for yet.
This got us thinking about other alternatives, something that would make a great first pet for kids, and we concluded that fish would be the ideal pet! Both Mr H and I have come from families that raised fish. My dad had a huge goldfish tank while my father-in-law had a freshwater tank for tropical fish. We’ve talked about setting up an aquarium of our own before but never got around to doing it. However, keeping fish would be a great first pet for kids as they are relatively low-maintenance and would also teach them to be responsible for them.
Studies also show that children who grow up with an aquarium do better academically too.
We were fortunate to be working with the experts over at API Fish Care to help us set up our aquarium. They have been in the industry for almost 60 years developing and creating products to help people enjoy their aquariums. I attended a virtual event with Gary Jones, Manager of Industry Relations at Mars Fishcare. He walked us through step-by-step of what we needed to set up our fish tank correctly and how to look after tropical freshwater fish.
If you are also thinking about setting an aquarium but aren’t quite sure what you will need and how to get the tank ready for fish – read on.
How to set up a freshwater aquarium
My boys were beyond excited when I told them we were going to set up a freshwater aquarium. They started researching and putting a list of the type of fish they would like in their tank. Of course, before you get to the fun part of choosing your fish, you need to make sure you set up your tank correctly and here’s how.
You will need:
- Fish tank
- Gravel or rocks
- Plants (can be real or plastic)
The first thing you will need to do is decide what size tank you would like.
If like us, you are a beginner then a tank between 45-65 litres would be the ideal size to start with. Tropical freshwater aquariums need to be around 24°-26° so you will need a heater to keep the water at this temperature. Aquariums also need to have a day and night cycle so having a light is also a must. Fish usually need around 8-10 hours of daylight. A filter is required to clean the water of any dirt or debris and to keep the water at the right level of ammonia and nitrates so that fish can breathe.
You will need to add a layer of gravel or rocks at the bottom of your tank. This is required to promote a healthy environment for your fish to flourish. Before adding this to the tank, wash it thoroughly until the water is clear. This will prevent the water in your tank to be cloudy.
Lastly, add some plants. They can be live or plastic or even a mixture of both.
Having plants in the aquarium will give fish places to hide and explore.
Live plants will provide fish with oxygen and nutrients and can also reduce algae in your tank.
You will also need the following items to make your water fish-ready.
- API® Quick Start
- API® Aquarium Salt
- API® Stress Coat
- API® 5-in-1 test strips
- API® Stress Zyme
- API® Accu Clear
Setting up your aquarium
First and foremost choose where your tank will live. This is important because once you have added in the water, you will not be able to move it. We decided to buy a dedicated stand for our aquarium as we wanted it in the living room where we spend most of our downtime.
Once your aquarium is in place, add the gravel to the bottom, then the water. You will now need to treat the water to make sure it’s safe for fish to live in. We added a dose of API® Stress Coat as it’s a water conditioner that removes chlorine, chloramines and other nasties. It also contains Aloe Vera, which helps reduce fish stress which can happen when you are transferring fish from one place to another.
Next, we added the API® Aquarium Salt, which provides essential electrolytes that fish need to stay healthy. It also aids their health by improving gill function, which helps them breathe easier.
Finally, you will need to add a dose of API® Quick Start. This adds beneficial bacteria into the tank, immediately starting the natural aquarium cycle and converts ammonia to nitrate.
Once all the above has been added in, you will then need to use API® 5-in-1 test strips to check the levels of pH, KH, GH, Nitrite and Nitrate are correct before adding your fish into the tank. When we tested our water using the strips, both our KH and GH levels (water hardness) were not at the right level, so we mentioned this at the aquatics centre we visited. They weren’t overly concerned and said that as we lived in a hard water area, the fish are generally used to this. They recommended adding some bogwood to try and reduce the hardness of the water, but at present, this doesn’t seem to have made a difference.
There are lots of different opinions on when your tank is ready to add fish into. Some say you need to wait a few weeks; others say to wait 24-48 as the water needs to settle. By using API® products, you can add fish straight away.
Choosing your fish
Now comes the fun part which my boys were hands down the most excited about – choosing the fish. They had made a list of the types of fish they would like, and we took this along with us so we could ask the experts what fish would get along and what size fish were recommended for our 54-litre tank. We were told to start introducing fish to the tank slowly, so we came home with two Sunset Balloon Rams which the boys have named Groovy and Silver. The following week, we added four Cardinal Tetras. We plan to add a few different types each week until we have around 15-20 fish.
Introducing your fish to the tank
Once we bought our fish home, we had to float the fish bag into our aquarium for 45 minutes so the fish would slowly acclimatise to the temperature of our tank. After 45 minutes we opened the bag and added a cup of our aquarium water to the bag and left it for another 15 minutes. We did this one more time before letting the fish into the tank. We then added a dose of API® Stress Coat and API® Quick Start to reduce fish stress and to help them settle quickly in their new home.
The fish expert advised us not to feed the fish for 24 hours as they’re usually getting used to their new home and don’t have an appetite.
Generally, fish need to be fed small amounts twice a day. We have been using AQUARIAN Tropical Flake Food.
Cleaning and maintaining your tank
Maintaining your tank is a must if you want your fish to thrive and remain healthy. This will keep the habitat in good condition for your fish to live in.
- Clean your tank every 2-4 weeks and do a water change
- Using a hose or siphon to drain the tank down by 25% before filling it back up with water
- Add API® Stress Coat and API® Aquarium Salt to add electrolytes back into the water
- Clean the gravel with a siphon
There’s no need to remove the fish when cleaning; it’s less stressful for the fish this way. If you have issues with cloudy water or algae you can add either API® Stress Zyme and API® Accu Clear.
Our boys have loved having the aquarium, and as you can see from the photos, we have involved them in every part of the process. They both take it in turns to feed them morning and night and have been learning how everything works.
Thank you so much to Mars Fishcare for giving us the opportunity to set up our own freshwater tank so the boys can have their very first pets!
If you are thinking about setting up your own freshwater tank, you can find a wealth of information on how to care for your fish over at apifishcare.com
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